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Artificial Intelligence

A survey of national strategies

Published on 12 Nov 2018

Germany has agreed on the key points of its AI Strategy. The USA, France and China all have ideas of their own for shaping artificial intelligence policy.

Germany has agreed the key points of its AI Strategy. But where does it stand internationally? A look at the approaches taken by other countries.

Many countries have published strategies on artificial intelligence in recent months. It stands out that each country has its own specific priorities when it comes to implementing and promoting AI in the private and public sector. The approaches range from research and ethics through to digital infrastructure and further education. A brief survey:


United States

Representatives from academia, industry and government met in May 2018 to discuss a future roadmap. The US government set four basic goals that are closely tied to free market principles. These are to maintain American leadership in AI, support American workers, promote public research and development, and remove regulatory barriers to innovation so that American companies have more flexibility to grow. The White House is advised by a Select Committee on Artificial Intelligence, which among other things considers the creation of government partnerships with industry and academia.


France, too, aims to be a global leader in research, training and industry. With its strategy, the French government intends to improve the economic environment for AI in order to become more attractive to international pioneers. For this purpose, it is setting up four or five new research centres. It also plans to develop an open data policy for the application of AI in sectors where France sees major potential for itself in AI, such as healthcare. In addition, the government will create a regulatory and financial framework to promote domestic talent and will develop ethical standards to ensure that the use and development of AI is transparent and fair.

United Kingdom

The UK government published the Artificial Intelligence Sector Deal in April 2018. This is part of a larger industrial strategy and contains a comprehensive package of measures. There are policies to boost public and private research and development, invest in STEM education and improve the country’s digital infrastructure. The United Kingdom notably aims to lead the global conversation on data ethics. A Centre for Data Ethics and Innovation is currently being established to this end.


The Chinese government has presented a comprehensive strategy. With initiatives for research and development, talent development, AI education and skills acquisition and security, the country aims to become world market leader in artificial intelligence by 2030. The first step in the July 2017 official development plan (link in Chinese) is to bring China in line with global competitors by 2020. In particular, the government is focusing for this purpose on the development of networked products and smart support systems together with the expansion of infrastructure. It is also increasingly partnering with private tech companies.


The Japanese government appointed a Strategic Council for AI Technology back in 2016. Its national research and development goals were published in an Artificial Intelligence Technology Strategy in March 2017. This made Japan the second country to develop a national strategy after Canada. The roadmap contained in the strategy is organised into three phases: the utilisation and application of data-driven AI in various domains, the public use of AI and data, and the creation of new systems by interconnection.

In addition to these countries, many others have also published their plans since 2017. Germany has now joined their ranks with an AI strategy of its own.