1. Technological foresight and technological impact assessment
How does AI affect jobs, the workforce and society? How do we design our interaction with AI in operational practice? The area of action technological foresight and technological impact assessment deals primarily with the analysis of macroeconomic developments and examines their impact on work and society. It deals especially with the situation of employees in companies, which is analysed jointly with the social partners and international organisations such as the OECD and the ILO. This area of action will ultimately include the development of new criteria for the evaluation and implementation of the Federal Government's AI strategy.
2. AI in labour administration and social administration
How can AI improve administrative processes for the public? What criteria do we base selection of AI applications on and how do we apply these? What requirements must be met in relation to quality, comprehensibility and fairness? These are the questions addressed by the area of action AI in labour administration and social administration. For this purpose, best-practice examples are identified and potential applications are developed, both at national and international level.
3. Framework for AI/socially minded technology design
One goal of the AI strategy is transparent, coherent and safe AI. The framework area of action aims to formulate the criteria and mechanisms by which these requirements can be implemented in work and society. The AI White Paper process will also discuss the future framework for dealing with AI at European level, in which the AI Observatory will participate.
Socially minded technology design
The area of action socially minded technology design deals with the question of how humankind and machines will work together in the future and what principles we should apply when designing sociotechnical systems. People and AI-based systems will interact in the future, especially in production and service, but also in the social context. This fundamentally changes the relationship between people and machines and creates new sociotechnical systems. This situation gives rise to the need to question existing principles and rules and to create new ones if required.
4. Development of international and European structures
What European and international rules and institutions do we need for responsible interaction with AI? The area of action development of international and European structures will embed German work on AI in international contexts and structures – from the OECD to the ILO and the EU. Part of this process will be the establishment of international monitoring structures for the use of artificial intelligence, which are also to serve the development of international quality standards. In addition to EU member states, the key countries for discussions are the United States, Canada – following the Policy Lab’s transatlantic dialogue – and Japan.
5. Societal dialogue and interconnectedness
How do we enable stakeholders to participate in the debate surrounding AI policy and how are they to be involved? How do we make it possible for the whole of society to be able to use AI? Through the area of action societal dialogue and interconnectedness, as wide a circle of population groups as possible will be integrated into the work of the AI Observatory and be continuously updated on current developments in the AI area and, for example, provided with information on topics such as education and participation.