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Night Shift

Discussion on the topic money

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The highlights of the Night Shift
 

00:14:07 Was hat Geld für eine wesentliche Bedeutung außer, dass man damit bezahlen kann?

00:15:53 Was vermittelt Geld neben einem ökonomischen Wert?

00:17:09 Wozu brauchen wir Geld?

00:18:51 Was ist Geld (nach einem Erlebnis wie der Finanzkrise)?

00:21:39 Im Zuge der Digitalisierung verändert sich Geld. Was macht das gerade (mit der Gesellschaft)?

00:23:10 Verändert sich durch die Digitalisierung unser Verhältnis zu Geld?

00:23:55 Sieht man, dass sich etwas in unserem Ausgabeverhalten ändert oder in der Art, wie wir mit Geld umgehen?

00:26:28 Macht es für die Menschen einen Unterschied, ob sie Geld Cash oder digital ausgeben?

00:34:05 Können Sie einen kurzen Überblick über Blockchain geben?

00:37:12 Verlieren wir eine gemeinsame Geld-Sprache, wenn wir ein Meer an Währungen haben?

00:42:48 Wird die Arm-Reich-Schere durch Digitalisierung verstärkt?

00:46:06 Was ist Swish?

00:53:01 Was ist der Vorteil von Regionalwährung?

00:55:12 Sehen Sie Chiemgauer als Währung?

00:58:35 Brauchen wir eine globale Währung?

01:01:00 Was ist M-Pesa und was ist Libra?

01:04:14 Brauchen wir eine Weltwährung?

01:11:03 Gab es in der Geschichte schon einmal Unternehmen oder Branchen, die Geld herausgegeben haben?

01:14:25 Wie sehen sie die unterschiedlichen Stellwerte von Freiheit in der heutigen Gesellschaft?

01:16:34 Wie verschieben sich Machtgefüge? Wovor sorgen Sie sich, wenn Sie an Libra denken und liegt die Gestaltungsmacht überhaupt noch in der Hand des Staates oder schon bei den Banken?

 

Audiencequestions:

01:22:08 Bei der Bank kann man überziehen. Muss das nicht auch reguliert werden?

01:27:18 Haben Bürger*innen das Recht, sich durch Bargeld vor Negativzinsen zu schützen?

01:27:30 Durch eine Bargeldabschaffung könnten Zentralbanken eine effektivere Geldpolitik ermöglichen. In einer Welt der grenzüberschreitenden Zahlungsmittel, zum Beispiel digitaler Natur – wie würde sich das auf die Einflussnahme der Zentralbanken auswirken?

01:37:14 Ist es möglich, dass eine Währung, die einer natürlichen Knappheit unterliegt, wie früher Gold und ein System aus Währungen, die von verschiedenen nicht staatlichen Autoritäten garantiert werden, gegebenenfalls ein Commitment erzeugen können, das hilfreich wird?

01:41:20 Ist eine Überlegung, 1- und 2-Cent-Münzen abzuschaffen?

01:46:15 Werden bei Bitcoin oder Libra Umsatzsteuern fällig?

01:47:30 Schalten Bitcoin die Banken und andere Arbeitsplätze aus?

01:52:37 Stellen wir uns vor, es sei 2040. Womit wird der Kaffee bezahlt?

 

 

Our guests

  • Heike Raab

    State Chancellery Rhineland-Palatinate

    State Secretary for Media and Digital Affairs

    »Platforms and search engines are today’s gatekeepers. We have to agree new rules from scratch. Transparency and banning discrimination are decisive here.«

    Since 2015 Heike Raab has been State Secretary for Media and Digital Affairs and Authorised Representative of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate to the Federal Government and for Europe. She coordinates the work of the Rundfunkkommission der Länder (Broadcasting Commission of the Federal States) for Rhineland-Palatinate, which is chairing the commission. From 2011 to 2015 she was State Secretary at the Ministry of the Interior, Sport and Infrastructure, a role that also saw her hold the position of CIO of the Rhineland-Palatinate state government. Prior to this, she was a member of the Rhineland-Palatinate state parliament for ten years and was Media Policy Spokesperson from 2001 to 2006 for the SPD parliamentary party.

  • Dr. Natalie Tillack

    Scalewonder

    Co-Founder and Managing Partner

    »Power can be given back through digital money. Up to now, it has mainly been the privileged that have benefited. Not everyone can open a bank account, for example.<«

    Dr Natalie Tillack is the co-founder and managing partner of Scalewonder, a blockchain consultancy based in Berlin. Here she is building up an ecosystem through which she offers support to start-ups on issues of growth and scaling, while also generating synergies with regard to selected companies or investors.

    Natalie obtained her PhD in computational physics from the University of Oxford in 2016. She then became an associate at McKinsey & Company, driving digital projects and managing pro bono consulting projects for the German start-up ecosystem. She is now a mentor for Techstars and greatly values her strong links with the alumni societies of the University of Oxford, the Max Planck Society and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation.

  • Jakob von Weizsäcker

    Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs

    Chief economist and Director General for Economic and Fiscal Policy and Global Economy

    »It was not without reason that Nobel Prize recipient Robert Mundell posed the question as to what the optimum currency area is since such an area can be too small or too large. A global currency’s area would be too great, which would not be sensible economics.«

    In early 2019, Jakob von Weizsäcker was appointed as Chief economist and Director General for Economic and Fiscal Policy and Global Economy at the German Federal Ministry of Finance in Germany. From 2014 to 2019, he served as Member of the European Parliament for Thuringia (Germany), both as a member of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs and the Parliament's Delegation for the Relations with India. Previously, he worked - among others - at the Ministry for Economic Affairs of Thuringia, the Brussels-based think tank Bruegel, the World Bank and the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs.

  • Kathrin Latsch

    Freelance Journalist

    Journalist and freelance Author

    »In these times of digitalisation, data is the online currency, and large companies are amassing it without asking. How I pay is decisive for gaining control.«

    Kathrin Latsch is the executive director of MONNETA gGmbH, a journalist and freelance author for reports and documentary films eg for ARTE and NDR. In 2007 she received the Ekotop Film Prize for „International Sustainable Development Film“. In addition, she facilitates events on the topics of economics, education, environment and sustainable finance. Since the finance crisis of 2008 she has been working with the MONNETA network of experts, who advise on, research and develop sustainable monetary systems and social currencies. Together with Ludwig Schuster she developed the ‘environmental card’, an incentive scheme for environmentally friendly behaviour, which won a competition for citizens’ ideas in Hamburg in 2012.

    Her short film „A Flaw in the Monetary System?“ explains the consequences of interest and compound interest, which is useful as an introduction to the basic problems in the financial economy and to possible solutions for example in lectures.

  • Prof. Dr. Bernhard Weisser

    Numismatische Kommission der Länder (German Commission of Numismatists)

    Deputy Chairman

    »It shouldn’t be allowed to use the term ‘coin’ for digital money such as ‘bitcoin’. Coins are minted and can only be issued by a state, and bitcoin is certainly not a state product.«

    Prof. Dr Bernhard Weisser studied classical archaeology, ancient history and pre- and early history in Göttingen, Cologne, Athens and Munich. For his doctorate on the imperial coinage of Pergamon, he won the German Archaeological Institute’s travelling scholarship, which led to a year spent touring the Mediterranean countries. Since 1996 he has been working in the coin collection of the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin (Berlin State Museums) and is the director of Germany’s largest archive of old money.

    He conducts research into antique coinage and teaches numismatics at Humboldt University of Berlin. He is the deputy chairman of the Numismatische Kommission der Länder (German Commission of Numismatists), a member of the International Numismatic Council and a jury member whenever artist competitions are held for commemorative coins for the Federal Republic of Germany.

  • Lisa Nienhaus

    Die Zeit

    Head of Frankfurt Office

    »Trust is critical when it comes to recognition of money. Acceptance of digital money is growing ever broader, despite the fact that we Germans are still fans of cash.«

    Born in 1979. Studied economics and politics in Cologne and Stockholm while also attending the Kölner Journalistenschule (Cologne School of Journalism). Worked at the Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung from 2006 to 2016, above all in the business editorial department. Since summer 2016 she has been deputy head of the business desk at DIE ZEIT, and since autumn 2018 she has also been head of the paper’s Frankfurt office.

Our hosts

  • Tanja Samrotzki

    Tanja Samrotzki is a self-employed journalist and presenter. As a parliamentary correspondent, she has spent 20 years reporting on political developments in Bonn and Berlin for a variety of television channels. She uses her profound knowledge of political topics, players and structures to liven up a highly diverse range of formats – from conferences to debates. Combining in-depth preparation with a bold improvisational flair, she covers every topic that happens to be worth talking about.

The value of currencies in the digital world

Technologically minded countries like Sweden seem to be pioneers of a cashless society where in future payments will possibly be determined by virtual currencies like bitcoin or Facebook’s cryptocurrency, Libra, which, despite being shelved, has certainly not been given up on, or even by likes themselves. However, what are the consequences of an advanced symbiosis between currency and digitalisation for our globalised economic framework and for the international payment system? Coinciding with the timing of the World Economic Forum’s 50th annual meeting in Davos, the third Nachtschicht (Night Shift) event focuses on money and puts issues surrounding security, transparency and shifting economic structures up for debate.

 

Collage on the topic of money

Pictures

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